Employment law is all about relationships: primarily, the relationship between employers and employees. Employment law defines the rights and responsibilities of each of the parties towards each other, and tries to balance the interests of both.Most of these rights and responsibilities are determined by UK-wide legislation. Some of the rights and responsibilities originate in European law; most of these are reinforced by UK law. Additional rights may be given to employees through their contract.

However, the interpretation of the law can be altered by the decisions of employment tribunals (ETs), employment appeals tribunals (EATs), and, occasionally, higher courts, which try to balance the interests of employers and employees in order to come to decisions that are fair to both.

Free online employment advice and self-help advice is available from Citizens Advice